08 diciembre, 2014

Cleft Sentences & Inversion

Cleft Sentences: Key  Structure:
It + be + information emphasized +relative clause
              (a noun phrase)                 (who, that)
Ex:    It   is   money  that people care about.

What + information emphasized + be + complements

Ex:    what I like is the way she smiles

6. a. what you need is a few days’ rest...
   b. It is money that people care about nowadays.
   c. what we need is someone to help us, not someone to...
   d. What I like (about him) is the way he always listens...
   e. It is his attitude towards other people that really ...
   f. What I don’t understand is why you had to...
   g. It wasn’t me who decided to take a short cut...
   h. What the world needs is love, peace and...
7. (suggested answers)
   b. ...the cultural variety.
   c. ...idleness... annoys me
   d. ...speaking.
   e. ...listening...
   f. ...education.
   g. ...my father ... be a hard worker.
   h. ...Leticia... she likes to be the queen.

Inversion with negative adverbials: Key  Structure:
Adverbial + auxiliary +subject + main verb.
Never before have I expereinced such kindness.

Negative adverbs include adverbs with an explicit negative meaning, such as never, not and nowhere, as well as adverbs with an implied negative meaning, such as hardly, scarcely and seldom.

5. a. No longer does our country need to rely on foreign ...
   b. Under no circunstances should you borrow money...
   c. Only now are we seeing the...
   d. Rarely has a change of government had such...
   e. Only then did he realised he had left...
   f. On no account should you reveal the details of your...
   g. Never before has this country witnessed such a serious...
   h. Seldom does a politician  admit publicly that he has...

   i. Not only did George have to pay a large fine but he also had   to ...